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세종특별자치시

History Walking Course

History Walking Course with Living Stories towards Sejong City.

  • TRACK LENGTH76.88km

“History Walking Course with Living Stories towards Sejong City” starts with an old chinese juniper of Bonsan-dong. Then, visitors walk along Unjusanseong Fortress, the base of Baekje Revival Movement, and Geumiseong Fortress and Iseong Fortress, which are presumed to be built during the Baekje Kingdom, to see the remains of Baekje Kingdom in Sejong City. Visitors see the vestige of General Kim Jong-seo and Seong Sam-mun, loyal subjects during Joseon Dynasty, and have a time for deep-rooted cultural exploration in Sejong City through Geumgangdaedo, a religion whose head temple is located at Sejong City.

History Walking Course
  • 1Chinese juniper of Bonsan-dong
  • 11.31km
  • 2Unjusanseong Fortress
  • 10.11km
  • 3Iseong Fortress
  • 9.83km
  • 4Geumiseong Fortress
  • 22.24km
  • 5Tomb of General Kim Jong-seo
  • 16.89km
  • 6Geumgangdaedo
  • 6.50km
  • 7Munjeolsa Temple(Maejukheonsawu)
Chinese juniper of Bonsan-dong
Chinese juniper of Bonsan-dong

Korean people have long lived by agricultural activities. Until the modern times, with little development in science and machines, people relied on the sky for the year’s harvest; they held prayer rituals for preventing flood or rain. How about a village? Various disasters such as disease, death and accidents can happen anywhere from a household to the entire community. Our ancestors traditionally had a unique belief in each region to protect their family and village from fearful existences..

One of these examples is an old chinese juniper of Bonsan-dong, Jochiwon-eup, Sejong City. Choi Jung-ryong whose clan is Gwanghwa Choi planted this tree at the village after his father passed away in the hope of spreading filial piety. Local residents believe that the entire village is peaceful when the tree is overgrown, while the village has bad events when the tree gets weakened with disease; the juniper is a spiritual pillar as well as a guardian for the villagers. As it has survived for a long time thanks to the caring and support from ancestors, the juniper is valued as a cultural and biological material; the tree has been designated and protected as Natural Monument No.321.

Reaching Bonsan-dong, Jochiwon-eup for an old but remarkable tree, part of a poem “Going on a Picnic to the Mountain or Field” by An Do-hyeon comes to the mind: “There is a 400-year-old tree (…) / If you encounter an old zelkova tree / while passing by the path / you need to revere the tree

(…)

Information

As juniper is at the center of private houses in the village, there are no parking lot or public amenities. You need to park your car at an appropriate place in the village and move to the tree by foot. The distance from the entrance of the village to the juniper is about 100m.

Name and address for navigation Chinese juniper of Bonsan-dong, 128, Bongsan, Jochiwon-eup, Sejong City
Unjusanseong Fortress
Unjusanseong Fortress

Unjusanseong Fortress is a massive fortress, which was made by using geographical characteristics of “Unjusan Mountain,” one of the most famous mountains in Sejong-si, during the Baekje Kingdom. It is estimated that the fortress was a base for the Baekje Revival Movement to revive Baekje, perished by Silla-Tang allies. This fortress is also called “Juryuseong Fortress,” but its location is not evident academically. Other than Unjusanseong Fortress, other fortresses are presumed as “Juryuseong Fortress,” including Geonjisanseong Fortresss in Hansan-myeon, Seocheon-gun, Chungnam, Duseungsanseong Fortress in Jeongeup, Jeonbuk, and Wigeumamsanseong Fortress in Sangseo-myeon, Buan, Jeonbuk.

Unjusanseong Fortress has interior and exterior fortresses by connecting three summits with the peak of Unjusan Mountain at the height of 460m. The size of the external fortress is massive as the width of the interior wall is about 1.23km and that of outer wall is about 3.1km. Like Unjusanseong Fortress, a double-structure fortress was considered a new form of fortress during the late Baekje Kingdom.

Unjusanseong Fortress is the best place for enjoying trekking with the family. Climbing the peak of the mountain on an adequate slope and returning to the start point of the fortress provide the double joy of walking the small path in the forest and enjoying easy trekking as well as exploring the cultural heritage.

Information

Distance is 4.5km and time for walking excluding breaks is 1 hour and 20 minutes. The exploration ends on returning to the original point. The exploration course is as follows: Parking lot 0.14km → Gosansa Temple 0.63km →Gate of Unjusanseong Fortress 0.09km →Octagonal pavilion 1.0km →East gate of Unjusanseong Fortress 0.44km →Peak of Unjusan Mountain 0.42km →Crossroad (going straight) 1.0km →Gate 0.77km →Parking lot

Name and address for navigation Unjusanseong Fortress, 90, Cheongsong, Jeondong-myeon, Sejong City
Iseong Fortress and Geumiseong Fortress
Iseong Fortress and Geumiseong Fortress

Iseong Fortress, Jeonui-myeon is located at the south-west part, 4.5km straight from Unjusanseong Fortress, a base of Baekje Revival Movement. Geumiseong Fortress, Jeondong-myeon, is at the south-west part, 6.4km straight from Unjusanseong Fortress.These fortresses are presumed to be built during Baekje Kingdom. Below Iseong Fortress is a large path leading from Jeonui to Gonju, the capital of Baekje, while Geumiseong Fortress faces Iseong Fortress in a straight line of 3km. Built at the same period as the Unjusanseong Fortress, both fortresses are located at the strategically important point for Baekje.

Iseongsan Mountain (229m) with Iseong Fortress and Geumseong Mountain (430m) with Geumiseong Fortress are connected with a ridge across Jakseongsan Mountain (331m). As a hiking route has been made to allow trekking from Iseong Fortress and Geumiseong Fortress, it would be a meaningful trip if you take an exploration trip while enjoying climbing the mountain. The distance from Iseong Fortress and Geumiseong Fortress is 4.5km, and the distance from Geumiseong Fortress to Songseong, Jeondong-myeon is about 1km.

Information

If you are using a car, it would be better to park your car near Daejeon Catholic University and start trekking from Iseong Fortress. It is the same as when using public transportation. You can use Songseong bus stop after finishing trekking at Geumiseong Fortress, but transportation is inconvenient. If you are in fine physical condition, it would be good to complete hiking from Gemiseong Fortress to Iseong Fortress again.

Name and address for navigation Daejeon Catholic University, 30, Catholicdaehak-ro, Jeonui-myeon,Sejong City
Tomb of General Kim Jong-seo
Tomb of General Kim Jong-seo

As a son of Kim Chu, Kim Jong-seo took various government positions after passing the civil service examinationin the 5th year during the reign of King Taejong (1405). During the reign of King Sejong the Great, he became the governor of Hamgil-do Province and general for pioneering six regions; he fixed the national boundary of Korea, bordering the Tumen. Additionally, as a director for editing“History of Goryeo,”“Sejong Sillok” and “Essentials of Goryeo History,” Kim Jong-seo (1390-1453) was an upright official with dignity. Although he ascended to the position of minister, he was killed by Grand Prince Suyang, who was a pretender to the throne, in the 1st year during the reign of King Danjong (1453). As he was falsely accused of high treason, he became the first victim of the uprising in the year of gyeyu.

General Kim Jong-seo has two sons with deep filial piety; respecting their father, these two sons ended up being killed by Grand Prince Suyang. Their bodies could not be recovered, but only a part of the body of the killed General Kim came back to his hometown. The general passed away and only his one leg buried.

300 years later,in the 22nd year of the reign of King Yeongju (1746), his loyalty was reassessed, and a red gate with spiked top was built at the entrance of his tomb with a monument to honor his loyalty. As the monument was properly established, this place indicates the tomb of a loyal servant who was good at both literary and martial arts.

Name and address for navigation Tomb of General Kim Jong-seo, 45, Daegyo, Janggun-myeon, Sejong City
Geumgangdaedo
Geumgangdaedo

Geumgangdaedo became active when Lee Seung-yeo, born at Pohang, Dapjeon-myeon, Tongcheon-gun, Gangwon-do Province, practiced virtue by moving to Baegam-dong, Sindoan, Gyeryongsan Mountain in 1910 after he found enlightenment at the age of 33. According to the survey by the government general in 1934, the number of devotees was 13,000, which indicates its significance. (Source: Digital Cheongju Grand Culture)

With the general temple of Geumgangdaedo, Geumcheon, Geumnam-myeon, Sejong City was not a big town; as the religion built its base about 100 years ago, its believers from all areas in the country gathered to form a large village. At the ridge of Geumhwasan Mountain and Geumbyeongsan Mountain, which wrap around Geumcheon like a folding screen, the main hall of Geumgangdaedo has various engravings and symbols such as Samjong Daeseongjeon Hall, Samcheong Bogwangjeon Hall, Yeonhwadae Statue, Samgyeongdae Statue, Seonggyeongdae Statue, Geumjongru Pavilion, 100-year-anniversary tower, 100-year-anniversary monument, Oman Lighthouse and Samjong Gate.

Information

  • Website and telephone number www.kumkangdaedo.com/ 044-866-8787
  • Name and address for navigation Geumgangdaedo, 31-9, Geumbyeong-ro, Geumnam-myeon, Sejong City
Munjeolsa Temple (Maejukheonsawu)
Munjeolsa Temple (Maejukheonsawu)

When King Sejo (1455-1468 in reign) dethroned King Danjong (1441-1457 in reign), Seong Sam-mun (1418-1456) did not withdraw his intention and was killed while adhering his fidelity as one of six loyal servants. Born in Hongseong, Chungcheongnam-do Province, he passed the state examination in the 20th year during the reign of King Sejong the Great (1438) and received affection from the king by being selected as a scholar of the Hall of Worthies. After he did research on phonetics in Ming Dynasty, he greatly contributed to promulgating Hunminjeongeum, on October 9, 1446. Although he planned to restore King Danjong with Park Paeng-nyeon and Heo Jo, he failed to achieve restoration and was killed after being tormented by King Sejo.

As one of six loyal servants who represent the faithful servants with fidelity and are deeply respected by the people, Seong Sam-mun had inborn capability with a high level of knowledge. His penname is Chungmun. Located at the north of Daljeon, Munjeolsa Temple has three front sides and two sides. The roof is a gable roof, which is similar with the form of “人.”

Information

There is a parking lot at Daljeon bus stop where Munjeolsa Temple is located. If you see the southern part from the bus stop, you will see the temple on the hill.

Name and address for navigation Munjeolsa Temple, 55-7, Munjeolsa-gil, Geumnam-myeon, Sejong City.